Category Archives: Its life

Frequently asked questions on matatu investment 2015.

1. >I saw your blog post on matatu business and you mentioned that you were setting up a transport management company. I would like to know if you have achieved this and if so if you have more information for investors?

We are in the final process of registering the transport management company; we have identified most of the challenges facing investors and we have come up with the strategy to address those issues. We are currently working with other saccos within Rongai route as unit managers, we are targeting to meet the recommended 30 units to get a license from the NTSA. So far we have managed to get 14 vehicles which we have fitted with a fleet management system/ GPS tracking and Cashless system. We pay between 3000 and 3500 for a 14 seater van and between 8 and 9000 for a minibus provided it meets the requirement for the current market. email us for more information. or call James- 0704 606730

2. >Thanx Wambururu for the good work you are doing and the responses you give. Am gonna be direct on this. I am set to join the matatu industry, i have a good manager who i believe will take my business forward . My manager has told me that we should focus on acquiring an ex tour vehicle, probably a DT Dobie Urvan. I have identified several on OLX , but my question is, How do i ensure that the vehicle is in a good mechanical position as the owners claim, what sort of inspection can i subject it to make sure that the engine, chasis and the body are in a good condition?
It is very tricky to get TLB for a 14 seater especially if the vehicle you plan to use has never been a matatu before- EX Tours are thought to be better but that is not a guarantee that they are always in good condition. Furthermore the choice of the make {Nissan /toyota} is very important and differs for different routes. Nissan is better and more efficient for short distance- town service routes while as a Toyota is best for long distance and hills. You need a good mechanic who is specialized in the model you wish to buy and follow his advice. A recently government -inspected van is an advantage.
3. >I have 2M .My home is in Ngong.I have been working outside country as a Mechanic and I am returning home.I can get financier and buy a 33 seater minibus I want the matatu to operate on route 111 or Kiserian route so that I can easily monitor it. I am mechanic and I can manage the repairs myself in my home. Kindly advice on whether my dreams are valid and the challenges I might face, and whether its advice able to take the risk.

You seem like a person who is set for matatu business and I would really encourage you to follow your dreams of owning a matatu or probably a fleet in future- You already have about 2million, a financer and a destined Sacco which is route 111 Ngong—Nairobi.
You also happen to be a skilled mechanic which is necessary and will reduce the maintenance cost; what you need is a crew especially the driver who understands the business and can safely take good care of your vehicles.
You also need a join a Sacco that has a fleet management system- GPS tracking and a cashless system. That way, you will be able to monitor your vehicle- know how many kilometers/ trips it has made- driving behaviors of different drivers etc.
4. >Hi Wambururu, am Kamau and much interested in owning a second hand matatu soon. I want to join a sacco whereby i would be saving 20,000 per month. In 7 months time i will have 140,000 then i would like to take a loan 5 times of my savings for me to have 700,000 to buy a second hand matatu. Now my question is does your matatu sacco offer such kind of services if not can you advice or refer me to any other matatu sacco.
Thanks in advance
Ours is a transport management limited company- we are registered under the registrar of companies act. However I work closely with matatu Sacco’s in Kajiado- Rongai Kiseria and Ngong; I know of one Sacco in particular that has been lending capital to drivers to buy their own vans as long as they remain with the Sacco. You need to first register for membership @ 5000 and then you start saving; they normally give 3 times your savings but I’m sure they can be very helpful in a situation like yours.

5. >I have been a good fan of your blogs. I would like to inquire about investing in the matatu business.
Is it possible for me to start with 00.ksh.. I mean, can I get a loan with the matatu as the security?

Nothing is impossible though some things are said to be next to impossible; most banks will not finance a matatu no matter how much you are willing to deposit. Different banks and financial institutions offer different packages on asset finance. The best way to get the facts is to talk to loan managers. I have seen adverts from Equity bank where they claim to finance up to 105%. One thing I know is that you need at least a six months bank statement and in case of financing a matatu, you need to have a very active business account or another matatu already on the road.

6. > Hi,your blog is really helping. Anyway I’m thinking on acquiring 2 brand new 33seater Isuzu from GM and put them through githurai 45 route.
Will the returns be good?
How are the saccos over there?
Please advice
Minibuses are taking over the matatu business though they have to face a stiff competition from the larger capacity buses. Githurai is popular with 51 seater buses and since they are in large supply, they easily handle the flow of passengers to a manageable level which strikes a balance between the price, demand and supply. Since matatu business is a trade like most businesses; where the law of demand and supply applies Githurai route does not offer the best investment opportunity. However tides are changing and passengers are shifting to vehicles with fewer capacity which are quick to fill and more comfortable.

7. >I have been reading these article and comments and just trying to make sense out of everything, what i would like to know is what to include in a proposal for getting a loan from an investor ,i know most of these comments are a bit out of date and probably the market has shifted a bit ,kindly can you advice on these matter as i am interested in getting my claws in these business .thank you for your consideration.
I have tried to cover this in question 5 above; nonetheless, I have to agree with you that the comments are a bit back dated but not much has changed on the ground. You will need to talk with your bank manager and see what they are offering then compare with what Sacco’s are giving.
8. >Thank you for your article, I invested in second hand a 51 seater bus being financed by my sacco but upto date i have not made any profit from it,it have consumed all my money but am optimistic ill make Sacco have been very supportive, they want to restructure the loan n be paying small installment, my question is?
1. my current job is not paying well and am not permanently employed, can i leave it and be going with the convinced i can get 8k per day.
2. Whats your take on repayment procedure.
You have not said how long you have had the bus and again which route you operate; this is very important and I believe it has a lot to do with your current situation. it is advisable to always keep the supply line open I.E. quitting your job might not be the smartest thing to do for now. There is a reason why your bus is not doing well/ making any profit- this may result from mechanical condition of the bus- crew- or even Sacco management among other factors. I would recommend you get a person you can trust to work with your bus and identify the cause of the problems.
If I got your second question correct- you want to know my take on the repayment procedure- I don’t know how much you owe the Sacco or whether you are paying a fixed interest or in a reducing balance basis. You can email me more details..

9. > Hi Wambururu, thanks for the great information you are providing on your blog regarding investing in the Matatu industry. I’m 22 yrs managing my own food delivery business in Nairobi, i was a rongai resident before i moved to South c,i save 4500 per day and i want to venture into the 33 seater matatu business by the end of the year. is it possible to approach a bank and what r the requirements..
Congratulation for the good work you are doing and a profitable venture indeed. You have an upper hand in getting financing from most banks if you are operating a business account. With your savings which I would estimate to be over 120,000 per month, you only need a six months bank statement- a deposit of 969.000 Kes, call this number for more info- 0722 140 378 Yvonne Mengo- sales team leader ACMG authorized ISUZU Dealer for GMEA.

10. >I have developed great interest for the matatu industry. And from the previous advise you’ve given other people I have decided to buy a second hand 33 seated instead of taking a loan. My route of interest is githurai 45 and I would like you to manage it for me. How much should I expect per day?
I’m not familiar with Githurai route; so, I can’t promise you how much I can raise in a day and also the condition of the second hand 33 seater minibus. If we estimate that you will get the vehicle at around 1.8M, I can approximate the same to bring home between 5—6,000Kes. This might not be the actual figures, like I said earlier; it will depended on the condition of the bus. Instead of a second hand minibus, I would recommend you buy two 14 seaters approximately 1.6m. They will each give you a minimum of 3500 Kes Daily that is 7000 per day.
11. >. I live in Kisumu and My most burning question is how much does a brand new 33 seater cost visa vis a second hand. I have 1.2M and am spoilt for choices to go for either a 33 seater or 14 seater, that is if am able to acquire the loan from NIC bank.
Secondly, am thinking of kisumu – busia rout (400/= one way, about 120km apart). Please show me some real (not ideal) calculations so as not to raise my hopes so high on profit margins.

Price for NQR 33 seater brand new and payment plan is as follows. The selling price for a 33 seater Isuzu NQR is ksh4,827,000.You are required to pay a deposit of ksh.968,400.The bank finance upto 80% at 8.7 flat rate. The monthly installment is ksh.135,265 for 3years.So the total interest adds up to ksh.1,007,000.
See 16 and 17 below for an actual {not Ideal} breakdown.

12. >Thanks a lot for such informative n educative thread….am planning to venture on matatu business but second hand.
Kindly advice the best matatu, Nissan to buy coz i hear kuna Toyota caravan n shark..And others..Which is best…all in all what one has to check to find if the matatu is good..coz i hear my friend bought one but after had an issue with number plate with kra.
There are two models of 14 seaters that are currently in the market and have been approved by the governing Authority. The Toyota 5Litre engine, diesel and Nissan caravan. Toyota 5L model is the most common even though it is no longer registered. The last of its type was manufactured in 2003 and that is over ten years ago. Our laws on importation of used vehicles limits up to ten years. This model is now replaced by a more modernized Toyota 7L Diesel: and custom made Nissan {box}.
As for issues to do with proof of ownership; you should first do a check/search at NTSA/ KRA- if you have any doubts, don’t buy.
13. >Hi Wambururu! I hve 1m cash and am interested in owning a 33 seater Minibus can i get a finance option frm a bank, which is the best Bank or institution ? Pliz advise.
Yes it is possible to get finance from banks as long as you can assure them that you are able to pay back the loan and also if you can afford the deposit. Most banks finance up to 70%. The tricky part is that you have to have operated a business account for minimum of six months showing deposits equivalent to the monthly installments. What I mean is; for a bank to give you a loan to buy a public service vehicle, you need to have an alternative income that can continue paying the loans in case the matatu breaks down.
14. >Thanks 4 wonderful teaching God bless question it is a good idea to buy 14 seater Toyota second hand about 250k to 300k replace with new egn + gearbox so that i can be on safe side in terms maintenance and how much do i need plz?
A new 5l engine for Toyota shark costs around 350,000 and the gear box costs about 50,000 – 60,000.If you were to give it a fresh coat of paint and probably some interior work, seats covers.\, belts, music system etc, you will need about 60—80,000. In total you will require approximately half a million shillings. Add this to the purchasing price and you end up spending about 850,000 KES.
15. >Hi Wambururu,
I really like your honest and informative answers.I would like to know how much (minimum] one may need to go for a loan for a 33 seater mini bus and where to start, is it GM or a particular Sacco or bank?
If I am new in Matatu business and i want to learn is it advisable to start with a second hand 14 seater or a 33 seater on financing?
For your first question on cost of a 33 seater, see answer for question {11} above.
And again i think you should start low. What I mean is, start with a 14 seater, run it for six months or so and understand the business, then you can decide whether you wish to invest in a 33 seater.

16. >I’m interested in investing in transport business. Toyota 5L used is my target, currently I can raise about 800k. My concern is, First I’m out of the country for a period of time and the management of this venture is dreadful to say the least. Second, my view is a long term investment by ploughing back the proceeds into the venture.. At certain point you mentioned about registering a venture to manage this profitable but highly risk business. Now in the view of these circumstances, what assurance do I have from you personally as a manager and confidant regarding safeguarding my interest..
It might appear like a high risk business but it is not such. Matatu investment is a public service provision business that has very good returns. Below is monthly review for a 14 seater.
KAY —–X. ———————————— 14 SEATER

  1st   2nd   3nd     4th         5th         6th          7th           TOTAL

3500   3500   3500   3500     3000     ——        2000         19.000
  8th    9th    10th    11th      12th        13th      14th
  3500   3500  3500   3000     3500       3300   3000         23.300
15th   16th   17th    18th      19th        20th      21st
1000   3500   3300   3500   3300       3500      2000        19.900
22nd   23nd   24th   25th     26th       27th       28th
    3500   3500   1000   3500   2500   3200      3000        20.200
29th   30th   31st.
….  2900    3500                                                          6 .400
TOTAL = 88.800
ALIGNMENT.= 1200                                REAF SPRING.=1500
BUSHES.=600                                       LABOR.=1500
WELDING REPAIR. = 1000                    WIRE/ COMPENSATION = 4000
PARKING KAJIADO.= 1500                    NOZZLES SERVICE .= 3000

TOTAL .= 32.500.00
GROSS INCOME .= 88.800.00
LESS EXPENSES= 32.500.00
NET INCOME= 56.300.00.
As your manager, I will be sending you a bank slip for the net income and also give you the breakdown. Alternatively, we can agree I be depositing a flat rate of 50.000 kes per month and take care of maintenance and all expenses, insurance parking, servicing and replacing minor parts.
17. >Thank you But is it a guarantee that they can pay up the loan on themselves because I have seen banks repossessing some of these buses and that might be a problem.. And on another note, is it advisable to take two 37 seater buses or put a deposit on a bigger bus and which Company/sacco would you advice..
Buses have high capacity and yes it is true they carry more passengers; but in matatu business especially short distance routes, they don’t attract more customers-pasengers still prefer low capacity vehicles that fill easily and are faster. Fare price also differs and by large margins.
A 51 seater bus plying nrb Rongai routes make four return trips in a day at an average fare price of 40 kes.{ 50 passengers X 40 Kes X 4 trips X 2 {return}= 16,000 Kes.
Fuel is = 4500-5000. Sacco contribution + police, touts, etc= 2,000, salaries= 3,000. Net income is about 6,000.
A 33 seater{ MANYANGA} minibus does 7 return trips at an average of 60 kes, ={ 32 passengers X 60 kes X 7 trips X 2 {return}= 26880.
Fuel is= 6,500—7,000. Sacco contribution+ police and normal expences = 4000. Salaries= 4000. Net income is between 10—11000Kes.

18. >Pls am from Ghana and i want to start a matatau transport business in Kenya. Pls i want to know if it is possible for a non Kenya can invest in the business. And how much is the Kenya shillings to one US DOLLAR. Thank u
I don’t think it would be a problem to invest { although I’m not sure about what the law says; but I know some foreigners who have bought rental houses and public service buses; as long as you are not the driver- you can surely invest in the industry and get your money at you bank just like anyother investor. One US Dollar is exchanging @ 90 KES. To put a brand new 33 seater minibus that meets the current market on the road, you will require about 59.000 US Dollars.


Posted by on February 20, 2015 in Its life, Matatu matters, Spiritual wisdom


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Let us make laws that we can implement and sustain.

Kenya is still ranked as a third world country. As much as We {Kenyans} don’t love or feel comfortable being referred as a 3nd world, we cannot escape this classification since it is not based on what we would wish’ but what we have done compared to other nations of the earth.
We may be building standard gauge railways and probably subways are on the way, Its true, these infrastructures will indeed; push us forward toward escaping the ratings, ease how we travel and communicate and make our country more attractive to other developed nations. But as it stands today we are still a 3nd world.
Our president is leading from the front and we all admire his confidence, we are encouraged by his determination to get us out of the woods, not only for us Kenyans but for Africa as a whole. His call for African solution for Africa’s problems is a pointer to finding lasting solutions to local problems in the continent and even here at home.
Since the Jubilee government come to power, law makers have been very busy making and amending laws. Almost every law in the constitution has been challenged, amended or changed; Media freedom, security, bills of rights, and” of course”  “Traffic act.”
I was among the invited participants to a discussion on the proposed amendments to section 42 of the traffic act {cap 403} this is an act of our traffic laws that deals with safety of children. The bill was tabled in parliament by honorable Member of Parliament for Laisami Joseph Kuton. The bill which is in its third reading in parliament and {according to Hon. Kuton} it will soon be passed to law if the president is okay with it.
The forum was organized by Kenya Alliance for Residents Association {KARA}; National Transport and Safety Authority {NTSA} and Columbia University center for urban Development Among other institutions. The speakers included the deputy Director of safety at NTSA Dr. Duncan kibogong; Institute of legislative affairs CEO Vincent Kimosop, center for sustainable urban development; Dr Jackie Kropp, the sponsor of the bill Hon. Joseph kuton and Kara director Dr. Henry … among others.
The amendments to this act seek to improve children’s safety within the boundaries of their learning institutions, and while on transit to and from schools and non school related activities. Majority of those in-attendances were very objective that this is the way to go. “When we were each asked what our individual expectations were, almost everyone including the media which was well represented was optimistic the bill should go through. On the other hand, I was a bit pessimistic.
I’ve heard it is said that; the devil is in the details.
Section 42 of the Traffic Act (hereinafter referred to as “the Principal Act”) is to be amended by inserting the following new subsections immediately after subsection (3)-

*(3A) A person shall not drive, or, being the owner or person in charge of a vehicle, cause or permit any other person to drive, any vehicle at a speed exceeding thirty kilometres per hour on any road within the boundaries of-
(a) A nursery, primary or secondary school;
(b) An institution where -children reside or normally access by children;
(c) A public playing ground which is normally accessed by children;
(d) An area used by children when crossing to and from school; or
(e) Any health facility.
A person who contravenes this section commits an offence and shall be liable to a fine of 50.000 KES or imprisonment for a term not exceeding 2 months or both.

I don’t have a problem with the speed limit; what I fail to understand is why? The act only prescribes a penalty or punishment to drivers and not to the Authorities responsible for ensuring that all the supporting infrastructures are in place before the law takes effect?

For instance; the act mandates the highway Authority to; erect and maintain traffic signs as prescribed in the Act so as plainly to indicate to drivers entering or leaving such roads or areas referred to under subsection (3A) where the thirty kilometers per hour speed limit restriction begins and ends;
They are also responsible for; electing, constructing and maintaining speed limiting road design features such as speed bumps or rumble strips, and traffic circles on the roads referred to under subsection (3A) at the areas specifically designated for pedestrian crossing or on any road within a built up area or any section of a road where forward visibility is short.
The highway authority should also Ensure that; traffic routes in the vicinity of nursery, primary or secondary schools and those giving access to the schools are planned, designed, equipped and maintained with safety features such as wide pavements, footpaths, cycle-tracks, roadside barriers, pedestrian crossings and underpasses and footbridges with appropriate signs and markings.

The absence of any of the above infrastructures can lead to violation of the act. I believe the highway authority or NTSA for that matter should also be held responsible and charged in court if an accident occurs or even when the said law is violated where they have not complied.

The other proposed amendment to the Traffic act is in section 1058.
(1) A person or institution shall not designate or use a vehicle for transporting children to and from school or school or non-school related activity unless the vehicle meets the prescribed standards. It gives the Cabinet secretary the overall responsibility of setting the prescribed standards
(2) Notwithstanding subsection (l), a vehicle designated for transporting children To or from school or for any non-school related activity when they are in a group shall be fitted with the prescribed child safety equipments! Design safety features or structures.
A person who, carries or permits another person to carry a child under the age of eight years, on board a vehicle shall ensure that-
(a) The vehicle is fitted with the prescribed child restraint device or Seat; and
(b) The child is always placed in the device or seat whenever on board a vehicle in accordance with the prescribed instructions or guidelines.
A person who being the owner, manager, teacher of a school or a driver of a used for vehicle transporting children, who authorizes or permits the use of a vehicle used for transporting children or is negligent to prevent contravention with this Act commits an offense and shall be liable to a fine not exceeding fifty thousand shillings or imprisoned for a term not exceeding two months or both.

This are the set of laws that every parent would wish to see passed; but as they say. Wishes are not horses, if they were, every beggar would own one.

If the proposed amendments goes through and become law, it will be illegal for a matatu to transport children. students are not among the matatu investors target group and  don’t think any investor will do anything about meeting the requirements or standards. And since Matatus do not meet the prescribed standards i.e. they don’t have child restraints or seats for children, it will be illegal to carry them.

What we need to first ask ourselves is; why do school going children use unsafe transport/ matatus in the first place?

In my observation as a matatu driver, majority of the school going children who go to school via public transport are those from free public schools. Quite a number of those are from the poor families who take advantage of free education and probably because those schools are quite a distance from home, the children must need transport. Most of these public schools don’t provide transport and that is where we as the matatu fraternity come in.
Matatus are probably the only affordable means/ option for majority of people in Kenya to travel long and short distances. This also includes the school going children who need to board Matatus to and fro school. We are the ones Head teachers call upon to provide transport to students during curriculum related activities like drama festivals, school trips, etc. and since the education ministry has not come up with alternative means of transport to meet this need, Matatus are left with the responsibility of providing the much needed services.
Kenya is a developing country which means, it does not have all the infrastructures or the means to sustain and fully implement this laws.


Posted by on February 2, 2015 in Its life, Matatu matters


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What are the Barriers to success; for most matatu workers?

2015 is a new year for everybody and this is one good thing we all have in common. There are those who are happy to turn a new leaf because it means more to them most probably as a reflection of their lengthily experience in their jobs or field. There are still others who are wishing they could tamper with the hands of time and slow the pace. those that are worried about their future.

When I was a teenager, there was nothing I wanted more than to grow up;-grow big and become independent. I was looking up to becoming my own self; not dependent on anybody. And sooner, I turned twenty and got the independence I so much yearned for; That was twenty years ago. On January 12 2015 I will be turning forty} Yes, 40yrs in planet earth. They say life begins at this age and I am surely looking forward to begin life. I guess I have been living too much and need to begin life.

I have a very good feeling about turning this page and beginning a new chapter. The time has come for me to give back, share what I have learned in the past 39yrs, A time to take full responsibility to right the wrongs; I have seen it all and done most of it. I know what is beneficial and what isn’t. looking back , I can honestly say I have no regrets. What had to be has already been. Now this is a new beginning, it is not starting all over but rather choosing which way forward.

I am a vivid reader of biographies and personal journals; stories about how humble people who were probably the least in the society managed to raise to the top of the world. I know how Sherlock homes was founded; how Bill Gates built Microsoft; how Kalashnikov invented the AK47; Ted Turner and CNN     among other great men and women.

One thing has bothered me over the years, and Today I want us to look at what it is; that the majority of us don’t do; and the reason we don’t do that; which can make the difference in our lives.

When I joined the transport industry fifteen years ago, there were those I found already fully established in the sector. Those who lived the life I envied; they talked the talk and walked the walk. They seemed to have all I was dreaming of; they drove the newest Matatus, dressed in the latest fashion and dated the prettiest women.  They stayed in self-contained houses and ate with silver spoons indeed.

Ten years down the line, the same guys are peasants, much older men with more grey hair; they hang around the bus stops looking for squads. They can be generally described as living on hand-outs. Nobody gives them much attention anymore. What went wrong?

I shared my thoughts about this issue with some of my close friends also matatu workers like me. I sort their views on the matter.

We had a very lively discussion, which ended up harming our pockets deeper than we could have budgeted for. It was during the weekend and we were seated in a pub. The topic was; Why would a man spend 20yrs of his most productive years providing service to the public and end-up living on handouts?

Jeff a conductor was convinced that the problem lies with the Industry itself and how it is run. He said that despite workers putting all their skills in performing the tasks; the employer denies them all the benefits that other service providers enjoy. Benefits like Medical cover; employment contracts; pension contributions among others, this leaves the worker with nothing to show for his contribution at the end. I could see the point he was driving at; most investor don’t really care about their employees; their main concern is the money this people makes for them. That was one reason- but I was not fully convinced. I turned to the next person.

Elijah A fellow Matatu driver blamed individuals {workers} for failing to move-on. He said that many employees get satisfied with little and draw their budgets according to the little income. To them, paying house rent and school fee plus providing three meals is all it takes. They fail to see the importance of investing in property. Since the industry does not provide the securities as Jeff had mentioned above, their prosperity ends the day they fail to wake-up the next morning to go to work. Elijah seemed to broaden the topic; admitting that lack of those benefits was an issue but also blaming individuals. This was another way of looking at the problems Although the pay is not guaranteed it is not to say that there is not money in the service. There are those who started out as touts then drivers and today they are vehicle owners.

I viewed the problem as having to do with little education; lets call it illiteracy; for lack of a better word. Ours is an industry that’s only qualification is an ID card and a driving license for those who want to take up more responsibility. The industry is open to everybody who has the courage to face the consequences that comes with the Job. And Since most starts as touts in their early 20s, they are introduced to what they consider easy money and are easily lured to peer pleasure, majority get carried away in drug addiction, prostitution and alcoholism. Irresponsibility in the sense that; they misuse the earnings, many fail to build or maintain strong family foundations that they can fall back to. They fall prey to gold diggers and prostitutes because of the guaranteed daily cash income. Life in the cities is interesting and tempting as well. They later find they have no place to return in case of sickness or disability resulting from road accidents; since they are ashamed to face the people they abandoned.

Judy; the waitress who was serving us and was keenly following the debate begged to join in. she had a bone to break with my views. She defended women and distanced them from having taken part in the men’s failures. She said that; the so called gold diggers and prostitutes are also service providers and that these men need their services to be productive.  “They never ask anybody not to get married or leave their wives,” the bad news is that, many can’t afford to keep both ends burning and each has to choose who he wants to be with. Her boyfriend is a matatu driver and not the father of her children. Her views earned her a beer from my friend Peter.

Peter; who had not said a word since the discussion started joined in; He told us that our discussion was pointless as all we were trying to do is blame God for his creation. He warned us against judging other people and trying to find meaning in their life style. He said that everyman’s future and outcome of his life is destined by fate and powers beyond our understanding.  Principalities and powers. He said the job is reserved for those who are guilty and everybody should brave his punishment; anyone who wish to get out should first seek forgiveness and look for another job. some very interesting views and also an indicator that the alcohol was taking it’s toil. And Just like all talks over something toxic, we ended up precisely where we started; only minus a few hundreds.


Posted by on January 10, 2015 in Its life, Matatu matters


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Our persistence is proof that we have not been defeated.

Working in the public sector for the number of years that I have served in the Matatu industry has taught me very hard life’s lessons that I’m sure would have earn me a certificate in an institute of learning. I have talked about gross violation of almost everything about our job. Extortion; detentions; long working hours; low wages; Violence and myriads of other problems faced by operators of this very important public transport industry.
Since complaining is not the only thing I do in my service to my country, I joined other like minded persons from different counties for a three days seminar sponsored by the International transport federation ITF/FNV EAST AFRICA NORTHERN CORRIDOR STRATEGIC CAMPAIGN SKILLS SUB REGION SEMINAR. It was a great experience and quite encouraging even imagining that matatu workers are recognized and qualified to enjoy benefits enjoyed by drivers all over the world.


The matatu fraternity which was represented by two independent unions benefited with a lot of attention from all the participants including top-level ITF officials who contributed ideas and possible partnership in resolving some of the issues and also advice on the best approach and possible tactics for addressing them.

The seminar helped to bring together different players in the transport sector in Kenya, {including Kenya LONG DISTANCE TRUCK DRIVERS AND ALLIED WORKERS UNION {KLDTDAWU}- MATATU WORKERS UNION- PUBLIC TRANSPORT OPERATORS UNION {PUTON}- AND TRANSPORT WORKERS UNION.{TWU}. It served as a catalyst for the formation of new network and partnership arrangements among the participating organizations for effective collaboration and support.

The matatu industry is probably the largest informal sector in this country; employing thousands of workers; sadly; with very little systematic management for employees affairs. The introduction of matatu Sacco’s was seen as pointer to the right direction in terms of, creating some form of employment/ job security for matatu workers but the results tell a different story.
Individual Worker’s hardheadedness, gangs and cartels controlling different routes and also corruption by higher authorities has been the biggest hindrance to bringing meaningful and beneficial reforms in this sector. Workers in this industry have had to put up, and for a very long time! Accept harsh working conditions and exploitation, in return, the industry has become a reserve for a special character of players; THE RELACTANT OUTLAWS.
Unlike other workers in the wider transport industry anywhere in this country, matatu workers have never, at any time in the past been unionized or represented by workers unions like COTU and others. The absence of shop stewards and other relevant officers to campaign for workers rights and privileges; has also opened avenues for gross violations of labor laws.
The seminar was aimed at equipping transport workers unions with skills and strategies on how to approach various issues and the right tactics including campaign materials. Under the stewardship of international federations like the ITF; matatu workers will soon see strong unions coming up to campaign for better working conditions, better pay, reduced working hours, paid leaves etc etc. Public transport operators Union. {PUTON}; has already started recruiting matatu workers to the union and has opened the way for other matatu workers based organizations and other civil society groups to follow.
The biggest challenge that these matatu workers unions with have to overcome is convincing their members that they indeed have a right to what pertains to their working environment and deserve better than what they are getting. For many years, matatu industry has been viewed by the majority as the black sheep and has enjoyed a lot of media attention although most of it negative.
With an estimated 30.000 Matatus that server Nairobi and its environs every single day, we can approximately put the number of workers; “drivers and conductors” at around 100.000 for the capital city alone. The number can rise to up to 300k if we include stage workers/ managers/ mechanics/ call boys and loaders. To win such a large following, Workers Unions need to work closely with the government, private sector and the media in carrying out civic education.
Currently there are no defined structure/ mechanism to communicate with workers across the country. We will need to develop and implement a joint user awareness program for members to work with and engage with other members from every part of the country to sensitize and educate them on issues and benefits of trade unions. For a sustainable urban mobility, we need a defined job description for public service vehicles drivers. We need to remove the name informal and create permanent jobs for these very important drivers of our economy. It’s time for Kenyans to work together and bring the change they want to see in the public transport sector.


Posted by on October 7, 2014 in Its life, Matatu matters


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It’s a new dawn for matatu workers.

I have heard people talk of the  GOOD OLD DAYS when things were different and presumed  better. That cannot be said about the matatu industry. There is nothing good about them days that we drivers would wish to look back to. It’s a reality that Change has come and with a lot of adjustments too; which we are happy to embrace. This is the best time to be a matatu driver. For most of us who are probably out of the game, we can only wish that these changes had happened much earlier. So much has changed for the better- overloading – over speeding- gangs- cartels- abusive language- untidiness- drunk driving- the list is endless; but all this is now water under the bridge. Anyone joining the matatu industry today especially as a driver can be proud to say he/ she is going to work.

It is quite amazing to see the number of women investors who have come on-board in this sector; we can say it is at an all time high- more women have become our new bosses and this should be an indication that the passenger transport sector is heading in the right direction. Barely ten years ago- this was not the case. matatu investment was a reserve for men and mostly the risk takers. Systematic managements by sacco’s and transport management companies have transformed the industry for the better. it is not very correct to refer the entire matatu industry as informal anymore; what we are seeing today is different- Drivers are hired/ Employed on permanent/ contract basis- given medical insurance cover- pension contribution- leave- and other benefits that most of us could never have imagined. the government has done a great job in securing jobs by forcing the matatu owners to take care of their workers.

Corruption has refused to let matatu industry be, and it is sad that some of these gains might be short lived. The National Transport and safety Authority has done a recommendable job in creating an environment that should secure employment for matatu workers; but some officers at the headquarters are colluding with corrupt sacco officials and helping them get licenses without  showing prove of employing the workers. I was interviewing the chairman of one of our Sacco in Kajiado north about the new regulations and he was not a happy man- he accused NTSA officials of engaging in corrupt deals where newly registered transport management companies that don’t even have the minimum 30 vehicles are allowed to operate and also poach already registered matatus from the other Sacco. according to the set rules,- Any vehicle that wishes to change route or join another Sacco must obtain a letter of recommendation from the current Sacco/ company and present it to the NTSA office at TIMES TOWER before it is given a license to operate under a different name. This is where corrupt officials are coming in and helping indebted vehicle owners to escape paying fee owed to these Sacco’s.

The introduction of cashless fare system is a good gesture but whose time is not yet. According to the National transport and safety Authority It was supposed to have started in July this year but it didn’t have the backing of majority. The idea was noble but the timing was not right as it was seen by many as a dubious way of helping some manufacturers get an edge in the matatu billions. Many in the sector and also a great number of users {passengers} had not been educated on how the system works and many felt that it was a violation of their privacy. The rates that the gadgets providers were charging was also on the higher side- for instance BEBAPAY were charging 5% per transaction. that is to say; a bus carrying 50 passengers for one hundred shilling per person would have a gross income of 5000 ksh- the cashless agent would take 250 shillings for that one trip; if the bus was to make five such trips, the agent would make a cool 1250ksh from one bus. Our Sacco has 60 vehicles; so, you can imagine the amount of money vehicle owners will be forced to pay to these companies in the disguise of fighting corruption. This idea as noble as we may be persuaded to believe is any obstacle and unnecessary burden.  Since corruption is in the traffic department of the police, we matatu operators should not be forced to go cashless in order not to bribe police officers.

We cannot say that we are in Canaan just yet but at least we have left Egypt. The conditions of employment are better, we have medical cover, pension- and for the first time ever,- a pay slip. Some of us have been employed in the management based not on our academic qualifications but proven experience.




Posted by on August 12, 2014 in Its life, Matatu matters


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Your Questions on matatu investment.

1)      In one of your blogs you said the government is no longer registering new 14 seater matatus. From my observation I have seen the new 14 seater Toyota matatu models having new number plates i.e. KBX, KBY, KBZ… though most of them function as shuttles carrying 11 passengers. Is this what you were referring to as it leaves me confused?

You can still import a newer Toyota, but only for long distance routes; and mostly a shuttle. The facing-off of 14 seaters was aimed at decongesting the cities especially Nairobi. Short distance routes/ saccos that operate within Nairobi and surrounding areas are not allowed to register new 14 seaters.

2)      Is the income from a matatu operating as a shuttle between let’s say Nairobi-Nakuru/Nairobi-Eldoret/Nairobi-Thika same as matatu operating as town service within Nairobi ?

It is tricky but the sums do add up in terms of income per month. What I mean is-A matatu plying the Nairobi- Ngong- Kitengera- Rongai or Ruiru route makes about 4000 shillings daily, while as, A shuttle makes three return trips in a week and makes a net of between 8000 and 10.000 per trip.

3)      Which one would be more preferably, in terms of vehicle maintenance, minimal wear and tear, profitability between a matatu covering long distance lets say Nairobi-Nakuru/Nairobi-Eldoret/Nairobi-Thika and one operating as town service within Nairobi?

A matatu plying a town service route is more expensive to maintain since it spends more time on the road. In most cases once you start the car in the morning, in will run from 6am to probably 10pm. But for shuttles, the flow is controlled and they have systems in place on how they regulate their operations.

The longest a trip can take is 4hrs- Nairobi to Eldoret. Meaning, less wear and tear which is = to low maintenance cost.

4)      Apart from the costs involved in importing the new matatu Toyota model and having it registered at the port (i.e. getting number plates) what are the extra costs that I will incur to have it run as a shuttle supposing I want it to be managed may be under North-Rift Shuttle/Eldoret Shuttle/Mololine Shuttle.

Once you import the vehicle, it must be registered before it leaves the port: you may probably change things like battery, Rims and tires, Fit the recommended seats depending on the route of choice- 14-11 and, you must have joined a Sacco or a transport management company which will cost you between 10 and 150.000 shilling registration fee.

5)      Are there scenarios whereby a rogue shuttle driver/the shuttle company remove/steal new parts from a new vehicle e.g. oil/fuel filters, tires, music system, plugs and replace them with old spare-parts thus in the long run I end up spending more on servicing and maintaining the vehicle?

This is just a myth and if at all it happens, it is in very isolated cases and most likely a collision involving a trustee or a manager who is most likely a relative of the vehicle owner.

As for company managed vehicles, there are various avenues to get some extra cash from a clients car and we try to keep the vehicle on the road most of the times.break-down means less revenue for the company and that is what we try to avoid.

6)      How much money would I dedicate per annum for servicing the 14/11 seater matatu and comprehensive insurance?

The insurance will depend on the value of the car, the number of passengers on board and things like that.

Servicing is per kilometers covered and like we said earlier, it will depend on the route. 6.000 Ksh per week is the maximum you can spend on servicing and that is enough to keep a town service vehicle on the road at all times. You might spend more at a single servicing {8.000} but in the long run you will equally spend less.

7)      What is the approximate payback time to recover my initial investment when I import the new matatu Toyota model and have it run either as shuttle or town service.

We approximate about 2.3m as the amount you will need to fully comply with all the requirements to put a new Toyota 7L on the road this include buying, importation, registration, fittings and all the necessary papers and also Sacco membership. If you would say, make 3500 every day, you can clear the loan in two years.

8)      I want a SACCO/Company to be managing the day to day affairs of running the vehicle, which one would you, recommend?

I can only vetch for the one I work with- Ongata Line transporters, although this is a town services provider- otherwise you need to make a date with your preferred Sacco and see what they are offering. Some companies like Mololine are more established and sell shares for membership. Although this is not to mean they are more profitable.

9)      I also have the option of teaming up with my friend and approaching General Motors for financing of the 33 seater NQR Bus. I have confirmed from GM that it’s going for 4.7M inclusive of branding, seats, seat belts, speed governor. You had mentioned in your blog that on top of this I need 500,000 comprehensive insurance and 200,000 for extras like TLB, Music System among others.

Going with this, at what point do I pay for the number plate?

Number plate is paid for by GM as the law only allows selling of registered vehicles. The price GM quoted include registration and inspection sticker valid for one year. General motors’ sells you a fully complied vehicle ready to start transporting passengers. The additional expenses are for optional, you can choose to just insurer your ride -as is-. This are just marketing tools we use to attract customers.

Are there any other government taxes?

Yes there is the advance tax which goes at 720 per seat. You multiply this by the number of seats in your vehicle. As for brand new 33 seater; I guess this tax is paid for by the seller either at your expense or part of the purchasing price. Confirm with General motors.

10)   Suppose I commit the maximum possible monthly income towards loan repayment is the bus able to fully service the loan or at times I will need to top up from my pocket.

If we are talking about a brand new minibus, the soaped up type {manyanga} the income is more than enough to service the loan and give you a monthly salary after paying for servicing and spare parts. At an average of 8000ksh per day which in this case is the minimum, you make around 240K in a month. The income can only be higher than this up to 270—300K.

11)   How much money will it cost to service the 33 seater per annum?

The first service is on General Motors- so there you have 11 months left maintenance cost will Depend on the distance and the trips the vehicle makes in a day. Some buses are serviced after 3–4 weeks while others may go for 6 weeks or 2 months. The recommended mileage is 35000Kilometers.

Regular servicing [brake lining, greasing, alignment etc.} cost around 15—20K but normal is around 10.000. ksh.

12)   I want a SACCO/Company to be managing the day to day affairs of running the 33 seater, which one would you recommend?

Come to us; pay us a visit at our office in Rongai and see what we are offering. A management company is not a Sacco, so we give you full control of your money. As for a Sacco, you have to be a member contributing and saving with the organization plus lots of paper work but, it also has its advantages for those who want to be financed after some times.

13)   What is the approximate payback time to recover my initial investment when running the 33 seater?

Two years is the longest- if you are fully dedicated. Suppose you buy a minibus worth 5.2 million and it brings home 10.000 ksh per day; you keep it on the road for 300 out of 365 days in one year; it will have made 3.6 million. That means you can recover your initial capital in less than 2 yrs.

14)   Between the 2 options above i.e. the 11/14 seater matatu and 33 seater buses, which one would you recommend as a viable business/investment?

I would advise you to buy a brand new minibus, it requires more capital but the returns are good and they have a long life span. 33 seater Minibuses will soon take over the matatu business as they are cleaner, comfortable and safer.

15)   What is your opinion between investing in the matatu industry and investing in car-hire business?

Car-hire is more of probability unless you give your car to an established tour and travel group. Most of the taxi companies gives you a fixed amount for unlimited use of the vehicle while as, you can control where a matatu goes and be assured since the income is guaranteed as long as it is on the road.

16)   In your opinion, what is the future of the Matatu industry in Kenya, especially with the upcoming railway projects within the Nairobi metropolis and the Standard Gauge Railway project?

The demand is still high and it is not going down anytime soon. The railway can only ease the demand but will not be a blow to matatu industry.


Posted by on July 14, 2014 in Its life, Matatu matters


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I Have been burning midnight oil late in the evening after a tiring day behind the wheels of a matatu, trying to find a workable solution to most of of the problems that makes my job so hard and not to mention quite risky. Most of the times I’ve come across stories to do with road carnage or recklessness on our roads, it can not end without matatus and the people who work with them taking most of the blame.
Kenyans are very good at complaining and playing “the victim” role in most situations. Majority use the social media to air their dis pressure and are heard always calling on the government to come to their rescue, “TUNAOMBA SERIKALI”. what most of them are forgetting is that, even the ones they call for help are also Kenyans who are also calling on the government.
I came up with some points that i believe will help the new cabinet secretary in charge of transport to bringing down the number of accidents on our roads, reduce if not; eradicate corruption and also improve service delivery in the transport sector.
1. Abolish Kenya police traffic department.
This will definitely not go down well with a good number of the corrupt side of the police as, it has been a source of wealth for many of them. The corruption within the police force especially the traffic department has become a normal occurrence in our daily life and even on national television. The media has tried to expose them but it all ends there. even those who are suspected to be the architects of corruption are so daring to an extent that there is a case still pending in court where some traffic policemen stationed at a weigh bridge has sued the Inspector General of police for recommending their transfer to other areas that are not as lucrative as their current position. The corruption in this sector can not be easily eradicated as it has involved some- if not most; of the top cops in this country and probably 99.9% of the junior cops.
But there is a solution. The Government through the ministry of transport and any other concerned ministry can abolish the traffic department of the Kenya police and replace them with the NATIONAL YOUTH SERVICE personnel. The NYS has been around for many years and i have reasons to believe that it has well disciplined force that can take up and perform traffic duties. The Government needs to train this youths on traffic control and give them the power to prosecute traffic offenders in the courts of law or alternatively, the judicially can set a side a special magistrate court and judges who will only handle traffic cases.
2. Abolish TLB Licence
This will also not be well received by the perpetrators of corruption in the matatu industry; but, If it was to be tried out, It will be a blessing to matatu operators {drivers and owners} especially those who operate, within Nairobi. TLB Limitation is one of the Michuki rules that did not achieve its objective as it was grossly abused and used as a tool for corruption and is also responsible for deliberate traffic snarls ups.
Police can cause heavy traffic jams in order exhaust the patience of matatu drivers because they know through experience that matatu drivers will use alternative roads not within their TLB limitiation and are willing to part with money if only not to burn gas and waste time caught in traffic jams.
I still don’t know why it is a crime for a matatu plying route 125 Rongai—– Nairobi to use Ngong road to access Langata Road through Mbagathi way. It is also a traffic offense for a matatu to use bypasses even if the road is completely blocked. The only option for a matatu to use a connecting road {not described in their TLB application} is to drop the passengers and drive a empty vehicle. The ministry concerned should look at this and allow fair competition in the public transport sector. This would also be beneficial to passengers as any Public service vehicle can take passengers to any destination across the country which in the other hand will increase the supply of our services and lower the demand which translate to lower prices or lower bus fare as with the transport sector.
The government can then re-introduce Road license which was very helpful in identifying vehicles. Today all you need to drive a private car on Kenyan road is an insurance sticker which is not even issued by a government agency. This has fueled theft of motor vehicles.
3. Lower Traffic offenses Fines.
This will be very tricky to explain to majority of Kenyans and the media because they have come to believe that jailing or putting away matatu drivers or making them pay hefty fine is the best punishment they deserve. many a Kenyans believe that matatu drivers are only after making money by what ever means necessary including hiking fares, refusing to give change and killing people in road accidents.
You would be surprised {but we would not} to see a factory employee, who has worked for 30 yrs, in a company situated in Industrial area; 21 kilometers from where he resides,The same person will be heard Calling on the government to ban all matatus; while as; he has never owed a car in his life and never missed a day to work. This attitude of –hate them anyway– is the same law-makers had when they drafted the 2012 traffic amendment bill which raised court fines for traffic offenses and recomnded longer jail terms for “specifically” matatu drivers.
I can witness to this; that, corruption in the Kenya police traffic department has reached a level we have never seen before. This has been caused by hefty fines in courts and encourages traffic offenders to seek for out of court settlement with the custodians of the law. If for instance you are a matatu driver and you are caught picking a fare paying passenger in a not designated area, wouldn’t you rather give the cop a whole 1000 kshs note he is asking for than pay 10.000kshs at the magistrate court? It makes more cents to settle out of court.
If then; one matatu, can part with 1000 bobs for a small offense like that, how many thousand will the cop have made by the end of the day. If the fines where affordable, most of this cases would end up in courts where the magistrate would have the power to cancel licenses for repeated offenders, but unfortunate, most of them never get that far.
The idea of having M/V registration centers at county level is to discourage theft of motor vehicles. If for instance all vehicles bought in Nairobi had identifying number plates with initials like; “NRB 001A—-Z” and those from Kajiado county had “KJD–001A—-Z” and so on, it would be easy to recognize vehicles from other counties and the police would have an easy target if they were to track the vehicle. it would also be hard to register a stolen vehicle or use it in a different town as questions will surely be asked. This would also give county commissioners control over the security of their jurisdictions where theft of motor vehicle is concerned.
Another advantage is in drafting traffic laws and enforcing them. It is not reasonably possible for a Kajiado drivers to be submitted to the same laws governing Nairobi Drivers as their area of operation differs in very many different ways. For instance, there is probably two or three pick up tracks that carry residents of Ewaso Kedong from their village to Ngong township. The journey is about 80 kilometers with no clear cut roads, The drivers have to keep on changing tracks after every rainy season due to damaged bridges and other reasons. I don’t think any investor would buy a minibus, put all the necessary papers, put safety belts , not carry excess passengers, not allow animals to share the ride with passengers and submit it to the mercy of the jungle. Some of this mode of transport can be allowed to continue in some hardship areas but not in the cities. Every county would be allowed to evaluate the traffic acts and decide on which would be beneficial to their jurisdiction. That is to say, there are things you can do in kajiado but you will be arrested for the same if you are caught doing them in Nairobi.
This will receive a lot of criticism from the multimillion shillings body builders industries; court battles will surely make headlines in our media houses but, if we were to put the interest of the consumers first; which in this case are the operators and the passengers, we will have prevented many accidents which are caused by mechanical failures.When the engine power cannot sustain the weight of the body or the load it’s designed to carry, thus the brake system might fail to respond to the drivers intentions.
we have buses which were assembled locally a few years ago; but due to wear and tear, the buses can no longer carry the same weight they did when they were new without endangering the passengers or other road users. There are also other injuries; cuts and bruises which are caused by loose screws on the seats or the car body. Public service buses and minibuses should be assembled or imported custom-made to carry passengers and also specifically made to operate in particular areas; depending on the structure of the roads and the size of the vehicle. And thus the need to have registration at the county level.
MITSUBISHI minibuses {the ones we call ROSA} have few cases of being involved in accidents as compared to other minibuses with locally assembled bodies. A ROSA minibus is different. Its spacious, comfortable and easy to control for the driver as the vehicle is customarily built for passengers transport. This bus has been assembled for this very purpose; the engine can handle the weight, braking will not require extra measures, the seats comes fully with safety belts which are firmly mounted, tested and proven to handle the task; unlike our local assemblers who fits the gadgets because the law requires them.
The government should take it as a crucial responsibility; to protects it’s citizens from unnecessary deaths and injuries caused in roads accidents and also save hundreds of lives;lost because of human error.
One way of approaching this is, to be sure that only competent drivers are allowed on the road. Driving schools are known to train drivers in groups and then apply for their licenses in bulk; this is where corrupt trainers are aiding, third parties who have not been properly trained to get this vital driving tool; at an extra cost; hundreds of Kenyans are got their licenses through this avenue.
Kenyans are said to have peculiar habits and bad driving seems to be one of those they all have in common. About 60% of the drivers have no idea that they drive badly. You will find a motorist breaking the law, right in the eyes of a traffic police, and when he is stopped, he/she claims that kenya police are corrupt and all they want is cash bail. The new regime should look at this particular area with great interest and recommend and go as far as implementing measures aimed at sealing all loopholes in all driver’s licensing departments. A unqualified driver is more dangerous than a terrorist; much worse than a suicide bomber. He can kill people en-mass and get away with a fine or a short sentence.
The ministry of Transport should look for ways to work with county governments and re-introduce government owned passengers service vehicles. This will help to control bus fare as passengers will have an option or an alternative means of transport in-case of matatu strikes and also exploitation by matatu crew.passengers across the country complain of hiked fares whenever there is a down pour or heavy traffic; this can be tamed if passengers had an optional means of transport that is fixed. It will also help those who are employed at a fixed salaries to plan their budget at the end of the month. this will be healthy competition to privately owned matatus and will improve service delivery.
I have witnessed several cases where passengers get injured, especially during rush hours when they have to scrabble for a seat in the few matatus. Matatu passengers also fall in the category of NMT{ non Motorized transit]. This group of road users is very common on our roads every morning and evening and contribute to about 20—30% of accidents victims who are hit while crossing the roads or just waiting for a matatu on the roadsides. The recently completed Thika super highway has proven that it is possible to reduce this incidents if, passengers and the buses had specific locations or area of operation. Matatus are forced to stop on the roads to pick thousands of passengers who require their service every morning and eve to get to work and back home respectively.This contribute greatly to slow movement of motor vehicle on the roads. A separate lane should be included in major towns where the demand for matatu services is high.
For as long as we still have untrained and illegally acquired drivers and licenses, we will not be any safer on the roads. One way of making sure that we have the best hands behind the wheels of our public transport is to weed out the bad ones. We can achieve this in just under three years as all those who currently have PSV drivers licenses will have to renew them in the next 12 months time. All this drivers will go to the revenue authority at one time or the other and at varied dates to get renewal. The government can take this as an opportunity to retrain and test public service drivers on their competence before allowing them back on the road.
The objective is to have an audit of how many drivers we allow to carry passengers and how good they really are; verify the licenses they are currently using and issue them with new certificates of competency.
within a 3yrs period all matatu drivers will have the new licenses and all the fake ones kept out of the roads.
Over to you Cabinet secretary. Ministry of transport.


Posted by on June 13, 2014 in Its life, Matatu matters


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