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Monthly Archives: February 2015

Frequently asked questions on matatu investment 2015.

1. >I saw your blog post on matatu business and you mentioned that you were setting up a transport management company. I would like to know if you have achieved this and if so if you have more information for investors?

We are in the final process of registering the transport management company; we have identified most of the challenges facing investors and we have come up with the strategy to address those issues. We are currently working with other saccos within Rongai route as unit managers, we are targeting to meet the recommended 30 units to get a license from the NTSA. So far we have managed to get 14 vehicles which we have fitted with a fleet management system/ GPS tracking and Cashless system. We pay between 3000 and 3500 for a 14 seater van and between 8 and 9000 for a minibus provided it meets the requirement for the current market. email us for more information. guidancetravel@yahoo.com or call James- 0704 606730

2. >Thanx Wambururu for the good work you are doing and the responses you give. Am gonna be direct on this. I am set to join the matatu industry, i have a good manager who i believe will take my business forward . My manager has told me that we should focus on acquiring an ex tour vehicle, probably a DT Dobie Urvan. I have identified several on OLX , but my question is, How do i ensure that the vehicle is in a good mechanical position as the owners claim, what sort of inspection can i subject it to make sure that the engine, chasis and the body are in a good condition?
It is very tricky to get TLB for a 14 seater especially if the vehicle you plan to use has never been a matatu before- EX Tours are thought to be better but that is not a guarantee that they are always in good condition. Furthermore the choice of the make {Nissan /toyota} is very important and differs for different routes. Nissan is better and more efficient for short distance- town service routes while as a Toyota is best for long distance and hills. You need a good mechanic who is specialized in the model you wish to buy and follow his advice. A recently government -inspected van is an advantage.
3. >I have 2M .My home is in Ngong.I have been working outside country as a Mechanic and I am returning home.I can get financier and buy a 33 seater minibus I want the matatu to operate on route 111 or Kiserian route so that I can easily monitor it. I am mechanic and I can manage the repairs myself in my home. Kindly advice on whether my dreams are valid and the challenges I might face, and whether its advice able to take the risk.

You seem like a person who is set for matatu business and I would really encourage you to follow your dreams of owning a matatu or probably a fleet in future- You already have about 2million, a financer and a destined Sacco which is route 111 Ngong—Nairobi.
You also happen to be a skilled mechanic which is necessary and will reduce the maintenance cost; what you need is a crew especially the driver who understands the business and can safely take good care of your vehicles.
You also need a join a Sacco that has a fleet management system- GPS tracking and a cashless system. That way, you will be able to monitor your vehicle- know how many kilometers/ trips it has made- driving behaviors of different drivers etc.
4. >Hi Wambururu, am Kamau and much interested in owning a second hand matatu soon. I want to join a sacco whereby i would be saving 20,000 per month. In 7 months time i will have 140,000 then i would like to take a loan 5 times of my savings for me to have 700,000 to buy a second hand matatu. Now my question is does your matatu sacco offer such kind of services if not can you advice or refer me to any other matatu sacco.
Thanks in advance
Ours is a transport management limited company- we are registered under the registrar of companies act. However I work closely with matatu Sacco’s in Kajiado- Rongai Kiseria and Ngong; I know of one Sacco in particular that has been lending capital to drivers to buy their own vans as long as they remain with the Sacco. You need to first register for membership @ 5000 and then you start saving; they normally give 3 times your savings but I’m sure they can be very helpful in a situation like yours.

5. >I have been a good fan of your blogs. I would like to inquire about investing in the matatu business.
Is it possible for me to start with 00.ksh.. I mean, can I get a loan with the matatu as the security?
Thanks

Nothing is impossible though some things are said to be next to impossible; most banks will not finance a matatu no matter how much you are willing to deposit. Different banks and financial institutions offer different packages on asset finance. The best way to get the facts is to talk to loan managers. I have seen adverts from Equity bank where they claim to finance up to 105%. One thing I know is that you need at least a six months bank statement and in case of financing a matatu, you need to have a very active business account or another matatu already on the road.

6. > Hi,your blog is really helping. Anyway I’m thinking on acquiring 2 brand new 33seater Isuzu from GM and put them through githurai 45 route.
Will the returns be good?
How are the saccos over there?
Please advice
Minibuses are taking over the matatu business though they have to face a stiff competition from the larger capacity buses. Githurai is popular with 51 seater buses and since they are in large supply, they easily handle the flow of passengers to a manageable level which strikes a balance between the price, demand and supply. Since matatu business is a trade like most businesses; where the law of demand and supply applies Githurai route does not offer the best investment opportunity. However tides are changing and passengers are shifting to vehicles with fewer capacity which are quick to fill and more comfortable.

7. >I have been reading these article and comments and just trying to make sense out of everything, what i would like to know is what to include in a proposal for getting a loan from an investor ,i know most of these comments are a bit out of date and probably the market has shifted a bit ,kindly can you advice on these matter as i am interested in getting my claws in these business .thank you for your consideration.
I have tried to cover this in question 5 above; nonetheless, I have to agree with you that the comments are a bit back dated but not much has changed on the ground. You will need to talk with your bank manager and see what they are offering then compare with what Sacco’s are giving.
8. >Thank you for your article, I invested in second hand a 51 seater bus being financed by my sacco but upto date i have not made any profit from it,it have consumed all my money but am optimistic ill make it..my Sacco have been very supportive, they want to restructure the loan n be paying small installment, my question is?
1. my current job is not paying well and am not permanently employed, can i leave it and be going with the bus..am convinced i can get 8k per day.
2. Whats your take on repayment procedure.
You have not said how long you have had the bus and again which route you operate; this is very important and I believe it has a lot to do with your current situation. it is advisable to always keep the supply line open I.E. quitting your job might not be the smartest thing to do for now. There is a reason why your bus is not doing well/ making any profit- this may result from mechanical condition of the bus- crew- or even Sacco management among other factors. I would recommend you get a person you can trust to work with your bus and identify the cause of the problems.
If I got your second question correct- you want to know my take on the repayment procedure- I don’t know how much you owe the Sacco or whether you are paying a fixed interest or in a reducing balance basis. You can email me more details.. Wambururu@gmail.com.

9. > Hi Wambururu, thanks for the great information you are providing on your blog regarding investing in the Matatu industry. I’m 22 yrs managing my own food delivery business in Nairobi, i was a rongai resident before i moved to South c,i save 4500 per day and i want to venture into the 33 seater matatu business by the end of the year. is it possible to approach a bank and what r the requirements..
Congratulation for the good work you are doing and a profitable venture indeed. You have an upper hand in getting financing from most banks if you are operating a business account. With your savings which I would estimate to be over 120,000 per month, you only need a six months bank statement- a deposit of 969.000 Kes, call this number for more info- 0722 140 378 Yvonne Mengo- sales team leader ACMG authorized ISUZU Dealer for GMEA.

10. >I have developed great interest for the matatu industry. And from the previous advise you’ve given other people I have decided to buy a second hand 33 seated instead of taking a loan. My route of interest is githurai 45 and I would like you to manage it for me. How much should I expect per day?
I’m not familiar with Githurai route; so, I can’t promise you how much I can raise in a day and also the condition of the second hand 33 seater minibus. If we estimate that you will get the vehicle at around 1.8M, I can approximate the same to bring home between 5—6,000Kes. This might not be the actual figures, like I said earlier; it will depended on the condition of the bus. Instead of a second hand minibus, I would recommend you buy two 14 seaters approximately 1.6m. They will each give you a minimum of 3500 Kes Daily that is 7000 per day.
11. >. I live in Kisumu and My most burning question is how much does a brand new 33 seater cost visa vis a second hand. I have 1.2M and am spoilt for choices to go for either a 33 seater or 14 seater, that is if am able to acquire the loan from NIC bank.
Secondly, am thinking of kisumu – busia rout (400/= one way, about 120km apart). Please show me some real (not ideal) calculations so as not to raise my hopes so high on profit margins.

Price for NQR 33 seater brand new and payment plan is as follows. The selling price for a 33 seater Isuzu NQR is ksh4,827,000.You are required to pay a deposit of ksh.968,400.The bank finance upto 80% at 8.7 flat rate. The monthly installment is ksh.135,265 for 3years.So the total interest adds up to ksh.1,007,000.
See 16 and 17 below for an actual {not Ideal} breakdown.

12. >Thanks a lot for such informative n educative thread….am planning to venture on matatu business but second hand.
Kindly advice the best matatu, Nissan to buy coz i hear kuna Toyota caravan n shark..And others..Which is best…all in all what one has to check to find if the matatu is good..coz i hear my friend bought one but after had an issue with number plate with kra.
There are two models of 14 seaters that are currently in the market and have been approved by the governing Authority. The Toyota 5Litre engine, diesel and Nissan caravan. Toyota 5L model is the most common even though it is no longer registered. The last of its type was manufactured in 2003 and that is over ten years ago. Our laws on importation of used vehicles limits up to ten years. This model is now replaced by a more modernized Toyota 7L Diesel: and custom made Nissan {box}.
As for issues to do with proof of ownership; you should first do a check/search at NTSA/ KRA- if you have any doubts, don’t buy.
13. >Hi Wambururu! I hve 1m cash and am interested in owning a 33 seater Minibus can i get a finance option frm a bank, which is the best Bank or institution ? Pliz advise.
Yes it is possible to get finance from banks as long as you can assure them that you are able to pay back the loan and also if you can afford the deposit. Most banks finance up to 70%. The tricky part is that you have to have operated a business account for minimum of six months showing deposits equivalent to the monthly installments. What I mean is; for a bank to give you a loan to buy a public service vehicle, you need to have an alternative income that can continue paying the loans in case the matatu breaks down.
14. >Thanks 4 wonderful teaching God bless u.my question it is a good idea to buy 14 seater Toyota second hand about 250k to 300k replace with new egn + gearbox so that i can be on safe side in terms maintenance and how much do i need plz?
A new 5l engine for Toyota shark costs around 350,000 and the gear box costs about 50,000 – 60,000.If you were to give it a fresh coat of paint and probably some interior work, seats covers.\, belts, music system etc, you will need about 60—80,000. In total you will require approximately half a million shillings. Add this to the purchasing price and you end up spending about 850,000 KES.
15. >Hi Wambururu,
I really like your honest and informative answers.I would like to know how much (minimum] one may need to go for a loan for a 33 seater mini bus and where to start, is it GM or a particular Sacco or bank?
If I am new in Matatu business and i want to learn is it advisable to start with a second hand 14 seater or a 33 seater on financing?
For your first question on cost of a 33 seater, see answer for question {11} above.
And again i think you should start low. What I mean is, start with a 14 seater, run it for six months or so and understand the business, then you can decide whether you wish to invest in a 33 seater.

16. >I’m interested in investing in transport business. Toyota 5L used is my target, currently I can raise about 800k. My concern is, First I’m out of the country for a period of time and the management of this venture is dreadful to say the least. Second, my view is a long term investment by ploughing back the proceeds into the venture.. At certain point you mentioned about registering a venture to manage this profitable but highly risk business. Now in the view of these circumstances, what assurance do I have from you personally as a manager and confidant regarding safeguarding my interest..
It might appear like a high risk business but it is not such. Matatu investment is a public service provision business that has very good returns. Below is monthly review for a 14 seater.
JANUARY 2015
KAY —–X. ———————————— 14 SEATER

REG.NO.
  1st   2nd   3nd     4th         5th         6th          7th           TOTAL

3500   3500   3500   3500     3000     ——        2000         19.000
  8th    9th    10th    11th      12th        13th      14th
  3500   3500  3500   3000     3500       3300   3000         23.300
15th   16th   17th    18th      19th        20th      21st
1000   3500   3300   3500   3300       3500      2000        19.900
22nd   23nd   24th   25th     26th       27th       28th
    3500   3500   1000   3500   2500   3200      3000        20.200
29th   30th   31st.
….  2900    3500                                                          6 .400
TOTAL = 88.800
EXPENSES.
FULL SERVICE. {OIL/FILTER/PADS/ DIESEL FILTER/ ELEMENTS/ GREASE.}= 5.300
ALIGNMENT.= 1200                                REAF SPRING.=1500
BUSHES.=600                                       LABOR.=1500
NEW MID-RANGE SPEAKER.= 3500      INSURANCE.= 7800
WELDING REPAIR. = 1000                    WIRE/ COMPENSATION = 4000
PARKING KAJIADO.= 1500                    NOZZLES SERVICE .= 3000
PARKING NRB.= 3600

TOTAL .= 32.500.00
GROSS INCOME .= 88.800.00
LESS EXPENSES= 32.500.00
NET INCOME= 56.300.00.
As your manager, I will be sending you a bank slip for the net income and also give you the breakdown. Alternatively, we can agree I be depositing a flat rate of 50.000 kes per month and take care of maintenance and all expenses, insurance parking, servicing and replacing minor parts.
17. >Thank you But is it a guarantee that they can pay up the loan on themselves because I have seen banks repossessing some of these buses and that might be a problem.. And on another note, is it advisable to take two 37 seater buses or put a deposit on a bigger bus and which Company/sacco would you advice..
Buses have high capacity and yes it is true they carry more passengers; but in matatu business especially short distance routes, they don’t attract more customers-pasengers still prefer low capacity vehicles that fill easily and are faster. Fare price also differs and by large margins.
A 51 seater bus plying nrb Rongai routes make four return trips in a day at an average fare price of 40 kes.{ 50 passengers X 40 Kes X 4 trips X 2 {return}= 16,000 Kes.
Fuel is = 4500-5000. Sacco contribution + police, touts, etc= 2,000, salaries= 3,000. Net income is about 6,000.
A 33 seater{ MANYANGA} minibus does 7 return trips at an average of 60 kes, ={ 32 passengers X 60 kes X 7 trips X 2 {return}= 26880.
Fuel is= 6,500—7,000. Sacco contribution+ police and normal expences = 4000. Salaries= 4000. Net income is between 10—11000Kes.

18. >Pls am from Ghana and i want to start a matatau transport business in Kenya. Pls i want to know if it is possible for a non Kenya can invest in the business. And how much is the Kenya shillings to one US DOLLAR. Thank u
I don’t think it would be a problem to invest { although I’m not sure about what the law says; but I know some foreigners who have bought rental houses and public service buses; as long as you are not the driver- you can surely invest in the industry and get your money at you bank just like anyother investor. One US Dollar is exchanging @ 90 KES. To put a brand new 33 seater minibus that meets the current market on the road, you will require about 59.000 US Dollars.

 
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Posted by on February 20, 2015 in Its life, Matatu matters, Spiritual wisdom

 

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Let us make laws that we can implement and sustain.

Kenya is still ranked as a third world country. As much as We {Kenyans} don’t love or feel comfortable being referred as a 3nd world, we cannot escape this classification since it is not based on what we would wish’ but what we have done compared to other nations of the earth.
We may be building standard gauge railways and probably subways are on the way, Its true, these infrastructures will indeed; push us forward toward escaping the ratings, ease how we travel and communicate and make our country more attractive to other developed nations. But as it stands today we are still a 3nd world.
Our president is leading from the front and we all admire his confidence, we are encouraged by his determination to get us out of the woods, not only for us Kenyans but for Africa as a whole. His call for African solution for Africa’s problems is a pointer to finding lasting solutions to local problems in the continent and even here at home.
Since the Jubilee government come to power, law makers have been very busy making and amending laws. Almost every law in the constitution has been challenged, amended or changed; Media freedom, security, bills of rights, and” of course”  “Traffic act.”
I was among the invited participants to a discussion on the proposed amendments to section 42 of the traffic act {cap 403} this is an act of our traffic laws that deals with safety of children. The bill was tabled in parliament by honorable Member of Parliament for Laisami Joseph Kuton. The bill which is in its third reading in parliament and {according to Hon. Kuton} it will soon be passed to law if the president is okay with it.
The forum was organized by Kenya Alliance for Residents Association {KARA}; National Transport and Safety Authority {NTSA} and Columbia University center for urban Development Among other institutions. The speakers included the deputy Director of safety at NTSA Dr. Duncan kibogong; Institute of legislative affairs CEO Vincent Kimosop, center for sustainable urban development; Dr Jackie Kropp, the sponsor of the bill Hon. Joseph kuton and Kara director Dr. Henry … among others.
The amendments to this act seek to improve children’s safety within the boundaries of their learning institutions, and while on transit to and from schools and non school related activities. Majority of those in-attendances were very objective that this is the way to go. “When we were each asked what our individual expectations were, almost everyone including the media which was well represented was optimistic the bill should go through. On the other hand, I was a bit pessimistic.
I’ve heard it is said that; the devil is in the details.
Section 42 of the Traffic Act (hereinafter referred to as “the Principal Act”) is to be amended by inserting the following new subsections immediately after subsection (3)-

*(3A) A person shall not drive, or, being the owner or person in charge of a vehicle, cause or permit any other person to drive, any vehicle at a speed exceeding thirty kilometres per hour on any road within the boundaries of-
(a) A nursery, primary or secondary school;
(b) An institution where -children reside or normally access by children;
(c) A public playing ground which is normally accessed by children;
(d) An area used by children when crossing to and from school; or
(e) Any health facility.
A person who contravenes this section commits an offence and shall be liable to a fine of 50.000 KES or imprisonment for a term not exceeding 2 months or both.

I don’t have a problem with the speed limit; what I fail to understand is why? The act only prescribes a penalty or punishment to drivers and not to the Authorities responsible for ensuring that all the supporting infrastructures are in place before the law takes effect?

For instance; the act mandates the highway Authority to; erect and maintain traffic signs as prescribed in the Act so as plainly to indicate to drivers entering or leaving such roads or areas referred to under subsection (3A) where the thirty kilometers per hour speed limit restriction begins and ends;
They are also responsible for; electing, constructing and maintaining speed limiting road design features such as speed bumps or rumble strips, and traffic circles on the roads referred to under subsection (3A) at the areas specifically designated for pedestrian crossing or on any road within a built up area or any section of a road where forward visibility is short.
The highway authority should also Ensure that; traffic routes in the vicinity of nursery, primary or secondary schools and those giving access to the schools are planned, designed, equipped and maintained with safety features such as wide pavements, footpaths, cycle-tracks, roadside barriers, pedestrian crossings and underpasses and footbridges with appropriate signs and markings.

The absence of any of the above infrastructures can lead to violation of the act. I believe the highway authority or NTSA for that matter should also be held responsible and charged in court if an accident occurs or even when the said law is violated where they have not complied.

The other proposed amendment to the Traffic act is in section 1058.
(1) A person or institution shall not designate or use a vehicle for transporting children to and from school or school or non-school related activity unless the vehicle meets the prescribed standards. It gives the Cabinet secretary the overall responsibility of setting the prescribed standards
(2) Notwithstanding subsection (l), a vehicle designated for transporting children To or from school or for any non-school related activity when they are in a group shall be fitted with the prescribed child safety equipments! Design safety features or structures.
A person who, carries or permits another person to carry a child under the age of eight years, on board a vehicle shall ensure that-
(a) The vehicle is fitted with the prescribed child restraint device or Seat; and
(b) The child is always placed in the device or seat whenever on board a vehicle in accordance with the prescribed instructions or guidelines.
A person who being the owner, manager, teacher of a school or a driver of a used for vehicle transporting children, who authorizes or permits the use of a vehicle used for transporting children or is negligent to prevent contravention with this Act commits an offense and shall be liable to a fine not exceeding fifty thousand shillings or imprisoned for a term not exceeding two months or both.

This are the set of laws that every parent would wish to see passed; but as they say. Wishes are not horses, if they were, every beggar would own one.

If the proposed amendments goes through and become law, it will be illegal for a matatu to transport children. students are not among the matatu investors target group and  don’t think any investor will do anything about meeting the requirements or standards. And since Matatus do not meet the prescribed standards i.e. they don’t have child restraints or seats for children, it will be illegal to carry them.

What we need to first ask ourselves is; why do school going children use unsafe transport/ matatus in the first place?

In my observation as a matatu driver, majority of the school going children who go to school via public transport are those from free public schools. Quite a number of those are from the poor families who take advantage of free education and probably because those schools are quite a distance from home, the children must need transport. Most of these public schools don’t provide transport and that is where we as the matatu fraternity come in.
Matatus are probably the only affordable means/ option for majority of people in Kenya to travel long and short distances. This also includes the school going children who need to board Matatus to and fro school. We are the ones Head teachers call upon to provide transport to students during curriculum related activities like drama festivals, school trips, etc. and since the education ministry has not come up with alternative means of transport to meet this need, Matatus are left with the responsibility of providing the much needed services.
Kenya is a developing country which means, it does not have all the infrastructures or the means to sustain and fully implement this laws.

 
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Posted by on February 2, 2015 in Its life, Matatu matters

 

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